The gold standard of medical research, the randomized controlled trial, has been taking a bit of a beating lately. An entire issue of the journal Social Science and Medicine was recently devoted to it, with many articles pointing to shortcomings. Others have argued that randomized controlled trials often can’t address the questions that patients and...

As millions of consumers and providers add data to patient EHRs, a multitude of data will become available for the greater good. Researchers can anonymize the data and combine it with a large database containing vast amounts of information about the health of the population at a community level, nationally,...

An example of a successful public health campaign: U.S. Office of War Information employees received free inoculations against smallpox, as well as diphtheria and typhoid, in Washington in 1943. Credit Agence France-Presse/Library of Congress The following originally appeared on The Upshot (copyright 2018, The New York Times Company). Funding for health campaigns is surprisingly low when...